Bayesian Statistics Infer Risk Probability and Quantify Ecological Uncertainty
More often than not game managers throughout Southern Africa weigh conservation-based behavior with the need for economic profitability. Nicole applies Bayesian networks to quantify the relative importance of different species and habitat management plans. Such inference modeling allows the CBB team to produce applicable and feasible solutions to some of the most challenging conservation concerns.
Dehorning Rhinos – Does it Deter Poachers?
The process of dehorning rhinos is driven by the logic that dictates that by removing the commodity (i.e., horns), poachers will have decreased interest to kill rhinos. Nicole is quantifying the willingness to participate in the behaviors of poaching of dehorned rhinos by analyzing trends of wildlife crime vs. wildlife terrorism.
Translocating Rhinos to Safety
Saving the rhinos as a species entails saving one rhino at a time. Rhinos are translocated to secretive new habitats where the probability of poaching is significantly lower. Moreover, they are protected by committed rangers. These translocations are expensive and require tremendous effort and collaboration among NGOs, governmental agencies and local decision makers. Such applied solutions are innovative and risky. The associated risk is analyzed via various GLMs. This is sensitive data. As such, please contact us for additional information.
Rhino Necropsies in the Field to Retrieve Poacher`s Bullets
Dr. Cooper preforms numerous necropsies on rhinos in the field with the intent to retrieve ballistics so that poachers may be apprehended and prosecuted. This is data sensitive. As such, please contact us for additional information.
Saving the Tiger
250Million people share their habitat with the tigers in the forests across India. people live in the core and buffer zones of Tadoba National Park. We utilize Bayesian theorem, microfinancing, and Game theory to quantify the various wildlife-conflict parameters so that solutions are feasible.
A Rhino Horn Yields up to USD 350,000
Rhino horn is the most expensive commodity. It yields ~USD 65,000 per KG, more expensive than gold, platinum, or cocaine in its weight. Efforts to combat rhino horn poaching include the creation of alternate livelihoods, in addition to species actions.
Lion Skeletons Replace Tiger Bones
The ongoing usage of tiger bones in Chinese Traditional Medicine (CTM) has resulted in a significant decrease in the tiger population. As such, data suggests that tiger bones are being replaced with lion bones to meet market demands because they are more abundant. CBB is collecting data regarding smuggling routes and various methods by which such lion skeletons are being obtained.
Nicole utilizes utility functions, Bayesian statistics, and judgment theorems to promote anti-poaching efforts. These include the identification of the relative importance of variables at play. Conservation efforts should be cohesive and focus on rhino population conservation (i.e., translocation and breeding programs), in addition to addressing the poachers (i.e., alternative livelihoods, education programs, ranger training), and addressing the supply-and-demand chain (i.e., sharing data with international enforcement bodies, addressing consumer education across China, Hongkong, and Vietnam).
Living Alongside Lions
Lion-human conflict is primarily induced by human growth and expansion. Nimmi explores this relationship and the implications of various conservation strategies on lion populations along the periphery of the famous Kruger National Park.
Prey-predator dynamics are often altered by human expansion and land fragmentation. CBB has a number of projects investigating the impact of human populations as stressors on predators' behavior throughout Africa.
Bringing Back the Rhino from the Brink of Extinction
17 rhinos were poached during 2007 in South Africa. 83 rhinos were poached during 2008. More then 1200 rhinos were poached during 2015. with less than 4500 Black rhinos, 10,000 White rhinos, and 3300 Greater one horned rhinos left in the wild, CBB is committed to working to stop rhino poaching. Nicole Benjamin-Fink links the supply and demand chain to international security concerns.
Identifying DNA and Morphological Markers for Species
The Black wildebeest is artificially overlapped with the Blue wildebeest`s home-range. As such, they hybridize and produce fertile offspring. Blood samples were collected by Nicole Benjamin-Fink and analyzed in the laboratories of the National Zoological Gardens of South African. NZG is the leading lab analytical source in Africa.
Bringing Clean Water to Sam Sam Villeges in Ghana
Introducing clean water to villages in complex. It requires and clean water facilities, and infrastructure. CBB carried out a study to access the impact of accessibility to clean-water on traditional lifestyle. We found that ,on average, children between the age of 4-13 spend 3-4 hours daily on water gathering activities, and that harmful water born parasites are prevalent in these regions. our efforts promoting health by helping to eradicate guinea worm ( its larvae form is transmitted to the body by drinking contaminated water. when it hatches- it essentially eats itself through flesh until it emerges through the skin. Since the portion that is exposed to O2 dies, the warm then retreats back into the body only to feed again and emerge elsewhere on through the skin.
Sustainable Harvesting of Fisheries
Human population growth and expansion entails that much of the worlds fisheries suffer from unsustainable harvesting. Local communities are equipped with skills enabling sustainable harvesting skills.
Game Theory and Common-Pool Resources (CPR) Guide Hemingways` Famous Lakshadweep Islands to Conservation
Game theory and common-pool resources guide the establishment of conservation-based guidelines for harvesting fisheries alongside the Lakeshadweep Islands. Rushi is leading this effort while establishing collaborative counterparts with local communities.
Puppies Save Cheetahs Initiative
Cheetahs across Botswana are threatened by farm owners because they often prey on livestock. Deon analyzes the effectiveness of dogs as a human/wildlife conflict-resolution strategy. Puppies bond with livestock and are trained to bark when cheetahs approach. The effectiveness of the noise is twofold: (1) it deters cheetahs from approaching, and (2) it alerts livestock owners.
Tigers` Intrinsic Value
Throughout the history of mankind, tigers have been feared; Bittu Sahgal works to reverse that theory via educating the next generation ( i.e., Tigers for kids), in addition to bringing scientific awareness to both national and international decision makers.
How many Giraffes are there?
There is debate within the scientific community as to the number of giraffe species that exists, their distribution, and thereby, their status. Dr. Fennessy and his team place head harnesses on giraffe across Africa in Namibia, South Africa, Uganda.
Conserving Cultural Diversity and Biodiversity Across International Borders
Perhaps the only thing that is more challenging than establishing self-sustaining conservation-based parks is doing so across international borders. Peit Theron's work accounts for cultural, wildlife, landscape, and economic diversity within these parks. There are 6 Transfrontier Parks, the youngest one encompasses Southern Mozambique and Northern South Africa.
The Business of Conservation
Conservation can not be done in an effective way when in isolation. Prof. Reilly and Nicole utilize various statistical methods to solve for the impact of various wildlife management practices and the drive for economic profitability, upon the conservation of species and land across Africa.